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Genomic characterisation of a multidrug-resistant Escherichia coli strain carrying the mcr-1 gene recovered from a paediatric patient in China


Date: 10th February 2021 | Source: Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance

Authors: Meina Yue, Di Liu, Xue Hu, Juan Ding, Xiaoyu Li, Yidong Wu.


The global spread of carbapenem-resistant Enterobacterales is a leading public-health threat. Lack of effective treatment has resulted in use of colistin as a last-resort therapeutic option for multidrug-resistant (MDR) bacterial infections. Here we report the complete genome sequence of a MDR Escherichia coli strain carrying a plasmid-mediated colistin resistance gene mcr-1 recovered from a Chinese paediatric patient.


Whole-genome sequencing of E. coli strain 1506 was performed using both Oxford Nanopore MinION and Illumina NovaSeq 6000 platforms. De novo hybrid assembly of short Illumina reads and long MinION reads was performed using Unicycler. In silico multilocus sequence typing (MLST), antimicrobial resistance genes (ARGs) and plasmid replicons were identified from the genome sequence. Core genome multilocus sequence typing (cgMLST) analysis between E. coli 1506 and all of the ST48 E. coli strains retrieved from the NCBI GenBank database was performed using BacWGSTdb 2.0 server.


The complete genome sequence of E. coli 1506 consists of six contigs comprising 4 849 058 bp, including one chromosome and five plasmids, and was assigned to ST48. Fourteen ARGs were identified, including mcr-1 located on a 33 309-bp IncX4 plasmid. The closest relative of E. coli 1506 was another isolate originating from livestock in Australia, which differed by 614 cgMLST alleles.


Our study reports the genome sequence of a MDR E. coli carrying mcr-1 isolated from a Chinese paediatric patient. These data may help to understand the antimicrobial resistance mechanisms and genomic features and highlight the growing threat of antimicrobial resistance in children.

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